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The Right to a Glass Box: Rethinking the Use of Artificial Intelligence in Criminal Justice

Brandon L. Garrett & Cynthia Rudin

L. Neil Williams, Jr. Distinguished Professor of Law, Duke University School of Law and Faculty Director, Wilson Center for Science and Justice, Earl D. McLean, Jr. Professor of Computer Science, Electrical and Computer Engineering, Statistical Science, Mathematics, and Biostatistics & Bioinformatics, Duke University. 

Artificial intelligence (“AI”) increasingly is used to make important decisions that affect individuals and society. As governments and corporations use AI more pervasively, one of the most troubling trends is that developers so often design it to be a “black box.” Designers create AI models too complex for people to understand or they conceal how…

Apr 2024


Excuse 2.0 

Yehonatan Givati, Yotam Kaplan & Yair Listokin

Sylvan M. Cohen Professor at Hebrew University Law School, Professor at Hebrew University Law School, Deputy Dean and the Shibley Family Fund Professor of Law at Yale Law School. 

Excuse doctrine presents one of the great enigmas of contract law. Excuse allows courts to release parties from their contractual obligations. It thus stands in sharp contrast to the basic principles of contract law and adds significant uncertainty to contract adjudication. This Article offers a crucial missing perspective on the doctrine of excuse: the view…

Apr 2024


Forced Robot Arbitration 

David Horton

Martin Luther King Jr. Professor of Law, University of California, Davis, School of Law. 


Recently, advances in artificial intelligence (“AI”) have sparked interest in a topic that sounds like science fiction: robot judges. Researchers have harnessed AI to build programs that can predict the outcome of legal disputes. Some countries have even begun allowing AI systems to resolve small claims. These developments are fueling a fascinating debate over whether…

Apr 2024



William D. Araiza

Stanley A. August Professor of Law, Brooklyn Law School. 

This Article examines the phenomenon of “one-offs”: court opinions that are rarely cited by the court that issued them and do not explicitly generate further doctrinal development. At first glance, one might think that such opinions are problematic outputs from an apex court such as the U.S. Supreme Court, whose primary tasks are the exposition…

Feb 2024

Cornell Law Review Online

How Did A Rogue 2011 IRS Instruction Produce A Nonsensical and Punitive AMT Investment Interest Expense Deduction Computational Formula and Nobody Knows It?

Jay Katz

Associate Professor of Instruction, University of South Florida

The Essay is organized as follows: Part I reveals the lack of any explanatory guidance or commentator attention to the 2011 IRS instruction apparent radical change to the AMT Computational Formula that is hiding in plain sight. Next, Part II examines the AMT Computational Formula prior to the TAMRA Amendment. Also included is a discussion…

Dec 2023

Cornell Law Review Online

Substance and Form in Vigilante Federalism

Zachary D. Clopton

Professor of Law, Northwestern Pritzker School of Law.

Procedure is power, to be sure, but we should not let a lawyerly interest in procedural design distract from substantive justice. Vigilante Federalism makes an invaluable contribution by showing how a particular procedural form has been used to undermine substantive justice.  The authors deserve enormous credit for documenting, publicizing, and criticizing what they call “private…

Oct 2023

New York Bail Reform: A Quick Guide to Common Questions and Concerns

Emmanuel Hiram Arnaud, law clerk at the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit and former appellate public defender in New York City.

Beulah Sims-Agbabiaka, law clerk at the Eastern District of Pennsylvania and former appellate public defender in New York City.

In New York’s statewide court system, once someone is arrested they typically experience what can be an arduous process. For many, that process may involve time spent in jail, regardless of guilt or a conviction. At the heart of that quandary is the use of cash bail.  For example, let’s say that Tina is a…

Oct 2020